Posted by John on March 10th, 2014
In this post, you’ll learn
- How to use chalk lines to mark for center
- How a compass and a drywall saw are used for ceiling light holes
Late last week, I got a call from our local township that our electrical permit was approved. Right after I picked it up, I got started. When I last left off, the coffered ceiling was all framed out. We decided to go with four lights in the room: three in the center section and one over where the desk will be located. Let me start by showing you how I marked and cut the locations for the lights, since it’s a fairly useful trick to learn.
Wiring for the Office Lights
The three lights that would be in the coffered ceiling section of the office would be centered in the middle of a few of those ceiling squares. To make marking the center of the squares easier, I snapped a chalk line from opposing corners.
Where the two lines intersected is the center of the box. Next, I used a compass and drew a circle 4″ in diameter, which is what was required for the lighting fixtures we bought.
After the circle was drawn out, I used a hand held drywall saw to cut the hole out.
With all the holes cut out in the ceiling, I proceeded to run some Romex cable in the tracks created by the coffered ceiling I-beams to each hole location. As required by code, I also stapled the cables to the structure every few feet. Later on, before the rough-in inspection, I’ll fill in those holes in the framing with fire block foam.
Just to give you a little more details on the wiring… I used 14-2 sized Romex. That means it’s 14 gauge wire with 2 conductors. 14 gauge is used for 15 amp circuits and therefore needs to be tied into a 15 amp breaker. This lighting is going on it’s own circuit, which is created when I add a new breaker in the breaker box. The breaker box I own is a Square D brand box and the 15 amp breaker I buy needs to be a Square D breaker in order to install properly. It’s kind of a waste to be adding an entire circuit just for four lights, so I’ll probably tie in additional basement lights into this same circuit whenever we get around to finishing the basement.
As I mentioned, the office will have four lights, with three being controlled by one switch and the fourth light getting its own dedicated switch. I’m locating those switches in a place where I previously had a switched outlet for the office. I’m removing the switched outlet setup and just adding these two new switches for the overhead light.
Because I’m adding this coffered ceiling framing, it made running the wires to these lights considerably easier than if I didn’t have the framing. Without the framing, the wires would need to come up inside the walls and into the joist space. To pull that wire through, I’d have to cut holes in the drywall and the ceiling in multiple locations. Overall, it’s be easier NOT to do the coffered ceiling, but since I’m already doing it, the wiring is made easier.
At this point, I’m ready for my rough-in inspection. Once the inspector passes the work, I’ll be given the go-ahead to start drywalling the bare wood. He won’t need to come back until the room is completely finished.
This isn’t the first time I used a chalk line to help me with my electrical work. I also used in when we installed an additional outlet in the dining room. If you’re interested in how I ran cables, definitely check that post out as it goes into more depth than this post.
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Posted in DIY Projects,Electrical,Lighting. Tagged in ,lighting, office, tips and tricks
Posted by John on October 21st, 2012
Hey guys! Hope you’re all doing well. We had another not so productive weekend, only got a couple small things done. Small steps though, right? This week, I’m hoping to get to fix some cancerous rust on my Jeep and maybe get some more work on the garage shoe rack. Yesterday I installed a light switch timer for our outside garage lights. We discussed these very lights a few months ago when we replaced the regular filament bulbs with LEDs.
I bought this outdoor light timer switch from one of the home improvement stores MONTHS ago… maybe even a year ago. As part of the effort to clean this garage mess up, I finally installed it. It took about 30 minutes. If you’ve never done electrical work before, I don’t recommend you start with this one. It’s not overly difficult, it’s just a little different than most single pole switches or outlets that you may already have in your home.
It’s also a little more difficult to work on boxes that have two switches in it. The wires can get kinda crowded. It went in okay though. No major problems. The switch cost around $20-$30 and can probably be installed by a licensed electrician for maybe $150 more.
If you haven’t noticed, these switches are programmable. Once the power was back on at the breaker, I set the time and then entered the schedule for the lights to turn on and off automatically. No more leaving it on all the time and no more having to go out into the garage and turn it on and off. The best part about these switches is its added security. Even if you’re not home, the lights will activate, making it look like you’re home. Plus, this particular model has a “random” mode that will turn the lights on and off occasionally. That’s perfect if you’re going to be away for a few days or weeks. Even though they’re programmed, you can still tap its pad and control it manually.
It’s a small project, but I’m happy to have finally wrapped it up.
Any small projects hanging over your head at the moment?